Aquarium Fish Diseases
Probably, every fan of aquarium fish has often come across various diseases that arise in his pets, significantly spoil the appearance of the aquarium and always lead to regrets and disappointments, if it is not possible to cure the little inhabitants of the “indoor ocean”. Diseases of aquarium fish, whatever they are, are often much easier to prevent than cure pets later. Of course, a closed ecosystem where foreign microbes and pathogenic bacteria simply could not penetrate would be an ideal habitat for ornamental fish. But, unfortunately, it is impossible to create such a system in real home conditions and is not the goal of the esthetics aquarist. Every day there are more and more varieties of aquarium fish that are imported to us from all over the world. But along with new species, new diseases arise that require prevention and treatment.
This article will provide you with a short list of tips on how to prevent the most common aquarium fish diseases. To get started, let's figure out what can be the source of an unwanted infection. Among the most famous are: poor-quality food, as well as excess feeding, lack of oxygen in the water, a rare change of water in the aquarium, poisoning of water with rubber devices, infection by bacteria from the outside, the penetration of parasites along with live food or new fish, infection with parasitic fungi, etc. All of the above poses a serious threat not only to the health and life of the fish, but also can destroy the flora of the aquarium and its other inhabitants (gastropods, crustaceans, reptiles, etc.). To prevent the appearance of these and other pathogenic causes, we bring to your attention some recipes that help prevent the appearance of the disease of aquarium fish.
Firstly, when buying new fish, do not immediately place them in the viewing aquarium. Each fish must undergo weekly quarantine and acclimatization in a special quarantine aquarium without algae and decorative elements. It is recommended to add a special disinfecting solution to the water, which will eliminate microbes, if any. If the fish you purchased are too shy, it is recommended to slightly shade the aquarium by covering it with a dark cloth or placing it in the shaded corner of the room. If diseases are found in the inhabitants of the viewing aquarium, then the fish are also immediately quarantined, and the water and decorative elements in the aquarium are thoroughly disinfected for several days. To prevent various diseases, we also recommend that aquarists observe the following rules. It is imperative to control the environmental and biological indicators of the aquarium environment, namely: water temperature (with its significant increase, there is an additional risk of microbial reproduction), lighting (excessive lighting contributes to the flowering of the aquarium), filtration, flow and oxygen saturation, as well as the amount of feed that are optimal for the number of inhabitants.
It is strongly recommended that you regularly clean the aquarium with a 15-30% water change (it is advisable to use settled or disinfected water). We do not recommend you to overpopulate the aquarium, as this leads to a lack of oxygen and excessive pollution of fish waste. Diseases of aquarium fish are a very common problem, but often their solution lies in simply observing the style and basic rules for caring for aquarium pets.