Anubias barter (Anubias var. Barteri)
This plant belongs to the Anubias family and was imported from tropical countries (Africa, Gabon, Guinea). There are about ten varieties.
Prefers to grow both under water and on the surface in marshy areas in the shade of bushes and trees. Also suitable for breeding in aquarium conditions.
In most cases, Anubias barteri grows no higher than 20 cm with a width of about 10-15 cm, but in individual cases it can grow up to 30 cm. The leaves are elongated, bright green in color, collected in a rosette. Below, at the base, the leaves are slightly whitish.
The root system is well developed, the roots are powerful and long, in some cases branched. Thanks to this, they are able to plunge deep into the soil.
Anubias has one short stem from which beautiful leaves grow. The length of one leaf plate is not more than 10 cm, width 5 cm. The base of the leaves is rounded, and the end is blunt. New cuttings can grow 10 cm in length.
In aquarium conditions it does not grow more than 10 cm in height, while in greenhouses it grows to 40 cm.
For beginner aquarium lovers who have previously encountered growing algae, Anubias will be a great opportunity for a first start. Planting a new young plant directly into the ground is not worth it, because the roots can simply rot. Therefore, it is best to tie it with a fishing line to some decorative ornament or stone. After when the roots are fixed, you can remove the fishing line.
Anubias barteri does not require additional fertilizers, it lacks the organic waste that the fish secrete. No carbon dioxide supplement is required; he also gets a sufficient amount of fish. Another advantage of Anubias is that fish do not eat it, but all because the leaves are dense and fleshy and the fish are not able to bite them. And also the inhabitants who like to rummage in the ground are unlikely to be able to disturb him. Especially if there are cichlids in the aquarium, as a green space, experienced aquarists choose this particular plant.
But if you want to buy fast-growing algae, then Anubias does not apply to this. Even if you create ideal conditions for comfortable growth, a new leaflet will appear no more than once a month. And any ways to speed up the process will be unsuccessful. Suitable for growing both in the foreground and in the background, in addition to other green spaces, a pretty attractive look is obtained.
Given that this is a slow-growing plant, it needs to be planted in a quiet place. It does not tolerate permanent transplants, prefers to gain a foothold and grow in one place. After transplanting, the plant should not be disturbed for several months. The optimum water temperature should be from 24 to 270C with an acidity not higher than 8 pH and with a hardness of 2 to 13dGH. Also, such conditions will be comfortable for such common fish as discus or striae, especially since they are very popular.
A tall aquarium is suitable for growing, besides it is easier to make lighting with a fluorescent lamp. If Anubias is comfortable, he will soon begin to drive out young shoots from his roots. When they are strong enough they can be separated and grown as an independent plant. In addition, Anubias barteri is able to bloom, and after completion, seeds are formed. But to breed in a seed way will not work, since most of them are inferior. Anubias blooms in greenhouses all year round, but to make it in the aquarium is quite difficult, but if you try, the result will certainly justify the effort.